Medications Used After a Mini-Stroke
Depending on the cause of the mini-stroke, there may be a number of different medications your healthcare provider may recommend. Doctors may recommend some medications to treat a risk factor for a mini-stroke, such as high blood pressure or atrial fibrillation. Healthcare providers may prescribe other medicines to decrease the chances of blood clots forming. If you do take medicine as part of your mini-stroke treatment, it's important to maintain your healthy lifestyle, because healthy daily habits will keep the dose of medicine you need as low as possible.
To reduce the chances of another mini-stroke or a stroke, healthcare providers may prescribe the following medications:
Anticoagulants reduce the risk of another mini-stroke by decreasing the ability for blood to clot and also by preventing existing clots from growing. These drugs are particularly useful in preventing the formation of clots in people with atrial fibrillation. The most commonly used anticoagulant for mini-stroke treatment is warfarin (Coumadin®).
Antiplatelet drugs prevent clotting by decreasing the activity of platelets. In the case of mini-stroke treatment, doctors prescribe antiplatelet drugs mainly for prevention of another mini-stroke. The most widely known and used antiplatelet drug is aspirin. Other antiplatelet drugs include:
- Clopidogrel (Plavix®)
- Ticlopidine (Ticlid®)
- Dipyridamole (Persantine®)
- Aspirin and dipyridamole (Aggrenox®).
Other medications that are commonly prescribed as part of mini-stroke treatment include medicines that will treat TIA risk factors. Some of these medications may include: