What Increases Your Chances of a Stroke and Possible Signs
Risk factors are conditions or behaviors that increase your chances of getting a certain disease. Some risk factors can be treated or controlled, and some cannot.
Risk factors for this condition that you cannot change include:
- Age (the risk tends to increase with age)
- Gender (men are more likely to have a stroke, but women are more likely to die of one)
- Race/ethnicity (African Americans are more likely to have a stroke than people from other ethnic groups)
- Family history of stroke
- Personal history of a stroke, TIA, or heart attack.
Some of the most important treatable or controllable risk factors are:
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- High cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia)
- Atrial fibrillation
- Certain heart diseases
- Carotid artery disease
- Sleep apnea
- Heavy consumption of alcohol
- Drug abuse.
(Click Stroke Risk Factors for more information.)
SymptomsSymptoms of a stroke can include:
- Sudden numbness or weakness (especially on one side of the body)
- Sudden confusion, or trouble speaking or understanding speech
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- Sudden trouble with walking, dizziness, or loss of balance or coordination
- Sudden severe headache with no known cause.
(Click Stroke Symptoms for more information on this topic.)