What You Need to Know About Strokes
- Paralysis or problems controlling movement
- Sensory disturbances (including pain)
- Problems using or understanding language
- Problems with thinking and memory
- Emotional disturbances.
(Click Stroke Effects to learn more about these effects.)
- Knowing your risk factors
- Monitoring your health and making lifestyle changes to reduce your risk
- Possibly taking medication or having a procedure
- Knowing the signs of a stroke.
(Click Stroke Prevention for more information on this topic.)
Comparing a TIA to a StrokeA transient ischemic attack (TIA for short) and a stroke are very similar. In fact, a TIA is also known as a transient stroke, or "mini-stroke." The difference comes down to timing. By definition, a stroke produces symptoms that last for at least 24 hours. A TIA produces symptoms that improve after a shorter period of time (usually within 30 minutes).
(Click TIA and Stroke for more information.)
- More than 700,000 strokes occur each year in the United States
- It is the third-leading cause of death in the country
- It causes more serious long-term disabilities than any other disease
- Nearly three-quarters of all strokes occur in people over the age of 65
- The risk of having one more than doubles each decade after the age of 55.
For African Americans, stroke is more common and more deadly -- even in young and middle-aged adults -- than for any ethnic or other racial group in the United States.
Learning about strokes can help you act in time to save a co-worker, friend, or relative. And making changes in your lifestyle can help you prevent a stroke.