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What You Need to Know About Strokes

Effects

Generally, a stroke can cause five types of disabilities, which include:
 
  • Paralysis or problems controlling movement
  • Sensory disturbances (including pain)
  • Problems using or understanding language
  • Problems with thinking and memory
  • Emotional disturbances.
     
(Click Stroke Effects to learn more about these effects.)
 

Prevention

Steps for effective prevention involve:
 
  • Knowing your risk factors
  • Monitoring your health and making lifestyle changes to reduce your risk
  • Possibly taking medication or having a procedure
  • Knowing the signs of a stroke.
     
(Click Stroke Prevention for more information on this topic.)
 

Comparing a TIA to a Stroke

A transient ischemic attack (TIA for short) and a stroke are very similar. In fact, a TIA is also known as a transient stroke, or "mini-stroke." The difference comes down to timing. By definition, a stroke produces symptoms that last for at least 24 hours. A TIA produces symptoms that improve after a shorter period of time (usually within 30 minutes).
 
(Click TIA and Stroke for more information.)
 

Statistics on Stroke

Statistics on this topic include the following:
 
  • More than 700,000 strokes occur each year in the United States
  • It is the third-leading cause of death in the country
  • It causes more serious long-term disabilities than any other disease
  • Nearly three-quarters of all strokes occur in people over the age of 65
  • The risk of having one more than doubles each decade after the age of 55.
     
For African Americans, stroke is more common and more deadly -- even in young and middle-aged adults -- than for any ethnic or other racial group in the United States.
 
Learning about strokes can help you act in time to save a co-worker, friend, or relative. And making changes in your lifestyle can help you prevent a stroke.
 
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Stroke Information

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